Posts filed under Technology

The Kemper Energy Facility – Groundbreaking Technology for Cleaner Energy

Over the past decade, clean coal technology has come a long way. When we say “clean coal technology,” we’re referring to the slate of more than 15 advanced tools aimed at reducing emissions, including scrubbers, integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and carbon capture and storage (CCS). Together, these technologies have reduced overall emissions by more than 90%.

America is leading the way in developing these innovative technologies at institutions across the country, including the Ohio State Clean Coal Research Laboratory and the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research.

Southern Company’s Kemper County Energy Facility in Mississippi has been one of the most talked about clean energy projects not only here in the United States, but across the globe. Creative and forward-thinking engineering has allowed the plant to change the way we view coal-fired power. Southern Company is nearly finished constructing the 582-megawatt transport integrated gasification (TRIG) plant that will deploy technology to capture 65 percent of the carbon dioxide emissions from the plant. The groundbreaking technology will burn lignite coal that is mined on-site, and subsequently capture the carbon byproduct and store it underground. While the plant is an incredible example of American innovation, it has also taught us a few things about the challenges involved in building an advanced carbon capture facility.

For one, it has shown us that CCS is not commercially viable yet. The Kemper Plant has experienced significant cost overruns and delays in construction.

Second, it has shown us that only a specific set of circumstances allowed Kemper to be built. The plant is located in an area that is perfectly suited for the coal mine and power plant’s construction, and thus is not replicable just anywhere.

And third, the Kemper plant has demonstrated how far we have come in the development of clean coal technology, but also how far we have left to go. Southern Company’s own environmental director, Danny Herrin, told the EPA this week that “experiences gained from the Kemper County energy facility, as well as from many more fully integrated applications [of CCS] on full-scale power plants, are needed before the technology can be considered adequately demonstrated.”

By setting ourselves on the right path, we can support the continued development of CCS, along with dozens of other technologies designed to reduce emissions from power plants. To do so, we must pursue energy policy to ensure that the Kemper facility is the first, but not the last, power plant of its kind in the U.S.


The Year Ahead

None of us have the benefit of a crystal, ball but one thing is certain as we look ahead at 2014 – coal will continue to be a fundamental part of our energy future, ensuring America has the affordable, reliable, base-load energy needed to power our everyday lives and businesses.

In 2014, we must focus on how to move reasonable policies forward that continue to make America’s coal-based industries leaders in reducing emissions and innovating new ways to utilize one of our greatest energy resources. Putting political platitudes and legacy goals ahead of smart policies,will only threaten our economy, risk hundreds of thousands of jobs, and halt innovation.

Consider that through 2013, the coal-fueled electricity industry had invested $118 billion in a variety of clean coal technologies, reducing emissions by nearly 90% since 1970. And, between 2012 and 2016, the industry will invest another $35 billion on the U.S. coal fleet’s emissions controls.

These investments mean more than just cleaner coal-fueled power.  They represent an effort by the industry to develop new technologies like Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), which could mean an estimated $1 trillion in economic benefits to the U.S. over the next two decades.

But these benefits are in jeopardy.  Overreaching and unattainable regulations proposed by the EPA threaten to send innovative technologies like CCS, which are still in their infancy,  to countries like China which will reap the rewards of second and third generation development.

The conversation about the future of our energy policy has to focus on how we move forward, not backward.

We must have an energy policy that helps create jobs and new economic opportunities while ensuring that we have affordable and reliable power for our families and businesses.

We must develop sensible solutions that balance our need to reduce the environmental impact of energy generation with our need to protect American energy workers, consumers and manufacturers.  In short, we need an all-of-the-above energy policy.

This Wednesday, America’s Power will be presenting U.S. Energy Policy: The Road Ahead, hosted by Real Clear Politics.

Register here to be part of the discussion, and help us start a conversation that moves our energy policy forward and protects the people and communities that keep our lights on and our homes warm.

If you can’t make it to the event in person, be a part of the discussion on Twitter using #RCPEnergy.

 


The Coal Wire: American Progress in Advanced Coal Technologies

As we pointed out two weeks ago, America has been leading the way when it comes to fully developing advanced coal technology projects because of investments from the private and public sector. The Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute reported that the United States “continues to lead the way with 39 of the total 77 large-scale projects” within CCS technologies.

Carbon capture and storage technologies make it possible to reduce emissions while ensuring a reliable supply of affordable electricity to meet America’s growing energy needs using America’s most abundant, domestically produced fuel. But that captured carbon can be used commercially to help other energy industries.

Balanced Energy For Texas recently wrote about the carbon capture and storage process that the Tenaska Trailblazer Energy Center will be using as well as how captured carbon can benefit the oil & gas industry:

Did you know that enhanced oil recovery using carbon captured by clean coal technology could result in $5.25 billion per year in economic growth? … Not only does clean coal technology provide affordable, reliable electricity, it will soon help Texas harness previously inaccessible oil resources … Captured CO2 is a valuable commodity. Naturally occurring CO2 imported from other states is currently being used throughout Texas for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR). EOR allows oil companies to produce additional oil from existing reservoirs that cannot be recovered using conventional means. In a conventional oil reservoir, only 20 to 50 percent of the oil in the reservoir can be produced by drilling and flowing/pumping. This means that 50 to 80 percent of the oil is stranded underground and, without EOR, can never be used.

Advanced coal technologies are also progressing when it comes to reducing traditional pollutant emissions. Penn Energy’s Optimization Blog interviewed NeuCo Product Manger Rob James discussed his company’s partnership with the Department of Energy’s Clean Coal Power Initiative:

Given the ambitiousness of this project and the huge number of moving parts, I’m proud of how we were able to adapt to the changing set of constraints in a way that provided a lot of utility and met a key set of investigative goals.  For instance, we had to respond to changing economic drivers, such as the changing cost-benefit relationship between NOx and heat rate and changes in the value of NOx and SO2 credits, as well as a range of equipment and instrumentation constraints.

Advanced coal technologies also mean jobs. According to a study ACCCE commissioned last May, the deployment of advanced coal technologies would create or support more than 150,000 jobs nationally, and 1.7 million job-years of labor would be created through construction of those technologies. Click here to learn more about the history and benefits of advanced coal technologies.


The Coal Wire: Industry, Academia and Government Invest in Advanced Coal Technologies

At the Department of Energy, the National Energy Technology Laboratory is beginning research into new information technologies that would help commercialize carbon capture and storage projects faster. The Carbon Capture Journal reports that industry, government and academic institutions are working together to bring new, cost-effective CCS technologies to market:

The Office of Fossil Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has begun research under the Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative (CCSI), partnering with other national laboratories, universities, and industry to develop computational modeling and simulation tools to accelerate commercialization of CCS technologiesWhile the ultimate goal of the CCSI is to deliver a set of tools that can simulate scale-up of a broad suite of new carbon capture technologies, from laboratory to commercial scale, the first 5 years of the project will focus on developing capabilities applicable to oxy-combustion and post-combustion capture by solid sorbents and advanced solvents … The CCSI’s industrial partners represent the power generation industry and power equipment manufacturers. The initial industrial partners are ADA Environmental Solutions, Alstom Power, Ameren, Babcock Power, Babcock & Wilcox, Chevron, EPRI, Eastman, Fluor, General Electric, Ramgen Power Systems, and Southern Company.

Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu testified at a House Energy & Commerce Committee hearing yesterday, explaining why he continues to see government play a role in advanced coal technology investments:

Taxpayers see a quick and significant return on federal investments in advanced coal technologies, gaining $13 in benefits for every dollar the government invests. Energy companies are investing specifically in carbon captured by these technologies for enhanced petroleum recovery. From the Mississippi Business Journal:

A wholly-owned subsidiary of Dallas, Texas-based Denbury Resources Inc. has entered into a contract to purchase 70 percent of the carbon dioxide (CO2) captured from Mississippi Power Company’s Kemper County Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle project … Mississippi Power will capture, clean, compress and deliver an estimated 115 million cubic feet per day of CO2 to Denbury’s Heidelberg Field. First deliveries are expected in 2014.

Advanced coal technologies also allow our federal government and our private sector work with other governments and companies abroad. The Clean Techies blog explains that U.S.-Chinese cooperation on carbon capture and storage projects is one of the top collaborations between the two countries in the clean energy technology sector:

[The] 21st Century Coal Program (CERC-ACTV) promotes a cleaner use of coal resources, such as large-scale carbon capture and storage projects. The program calls for collaboration between a number of companies in the United States, including General Electric, AES, and Peabody Energy, which will be working with a number of Chinese companies to develop an integrated gasification combined cycle power plants, methane capture, as well as a number of other technologies.

These technologies are making it possible to capture and safely store carbon dioxide – while ensuring a reliable supply of affordable electricity to meet America’s growing energy needs using America’s most abundant, domestically produced fuel. And according to a study ACCCE commissioned last May, the deployment of advanced coal technologies would create or support more than 150,000 jobs nationally. As Robert Baugh, Executive Director of the AFL-CIO Industrial Union Council, said two years ago:

The employment impact of moving to a new generation of advanced coal technology is well documented and impressive. We know these are good jobs from a long track record of employment in the related construction, manufacturing, maintenance and operational aspects of power generating facilities

Click here for more information on how CCS technologies work.


How Advanced Coal Technologies Provide More Than Power

At the American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity, we often talk about the benefits of coal as it relates to affordable, reliable and abundant power. But coal’s benefits don’t stop at the power plant.

I traveled to Denver for a conference that gathered experts who specialize in using material left over from coal combustion. In the first video below, I talk with David Goss, a coal combustion byproducts consultant, about the types of materials created by coal after it generates electricity:

Coal combustion products don’t only contribute to the construction, agricultural and other industries; it can make current materials used in other industries better. In this video, James Roewer, executive director of the Utility Solid Waste Activities Group, explains to me how coal combustion products are recycled to conserve natural resources, energy resources, and land resources to create a better, more environmentally friendly type of concrete for construction projects:

What we’ve learned is that advanced coal technologies aren’t limited to coal’s combustion. Using coal to make electricity yields useful byproducts, creating markets for what otherwise would be disposed of as waste. Coal-based electricity generation provides additional benefits through conservation and recycling of byproducts for beneficial use.


America Leading The Way In CCS Projects

The Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute, based in Australia, just released their report on The Global Status of CCS in 2010. This report goes through different opportunities and challenges of CCS activities in several different countries, and makes recommendation on how countries can move from research and development to commercial deployment of these advanced coal technologies.

While the United States has been working with other countries, like Australia, to develop carbon capture and storage technologies, we have been leading the way when it comes to fully developing those projects. Energy Efficiency News reports:

The number of carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects around the world increased by 21 during 2010 taking the total to 234, up 10% on the previous year, according a new report. The report, The Global Status of CCS: 2010, from Australia’s Global CCS Institute finds that of the total, 77 are fully-integrated large-scale projects … [T]he US continues to lead the way with 39 of the total 77 large-scale projects … Within Europe, Norway, the UK and the Netherlands are leading the vanguard with 11 large-scale projects in development.

The United States continues to be a world leader in advanced coal technologies not only because of the investments we make. Our leaders also recognize that advanced coal technologies need to be developed in order to continue to use of one of the world’s most abundant resources with as small of an environmental impact as possible. Just last week, Secretary of Energy Steven Chu said to the Senate Budget Committee:

The world will continue to rely on coal-fired electrical generation to meet energy demand. It is imperative that the United States develop the technology to ensure that base-load electricity generation is as clean and reliable as possible.

Plus, taxpayers reap the benefits of our investments into CCS projects. In a 2009 ACCCE-commissioned study, American taxpayers see a quick and significant return on federal investments in advanced coal technologies, gaining $13 in benefits for every dollar the government invests. Learn more about how CCS technologies work from Dan Connell of Consol Energy here.


EnergyBiz Leadership Forum Day 1: FutureGen and Affordable Energy

The 2011 EnergyBiz Leadership Forum opened yesterday in Washington, D.C., with the goal of outlining the biggest challenges and the best opportunities for the energy and utility industry.

In the morning, I had a chance to speak with Kenneth Humphreys, CEO of the FutureGen Alliance, to talk about the latest updates on this advanced coal technology project in Illinois:

Immediately after our interview, FutureGen announced that Morgan County would host the carbon dioxide storage facility for their project:

FutureGen Alliance on Monday announced Morgan County as the winner to house a $1.3 billion underground carbon dioxide storage facility …That means more than 1,000 temporary construction and permanent full-time jobs to the city of Jacksonville and Morgan County, said Jacksonville Mayor Andy Ezard … The 30-year project will upgrade an existing Ameren Energy Resources oil-fired power plant in Meredosia into a near zero-emissions facility.

In the afternoon, the discussion shifted to the importance of affordable, reliable energy. I had the opportunity to speak with Joseph Welch, President and CEO of ITC Holdings, about the importance of transmission lines and keeping energy costs low.

Coal is one of our most affordable and reliable sources of energy, and advanced coal technology projects like FutureGen allow for the continued use of coal with the smallest environmental footprint possible.

If you want to follow the latest updates, we are live-tweeting today’s talks from the 2011 EnergyBiz Leadership Forum from @AmericasPower, using the #EBLF11 hashtag.


The Coal Wire: With Coal, Energy Innovation Means Economic Opportunity

With President Obama holding a cabinet meeting today with technical experts on energy innovation, the administration is continuing to show its support for coal as a part of its energy innovation strategy through its support of advanced coal technologies.

On The White House Blog, President Obama’s Deputy Assistant for Energy and Climate Change, Heather Zichal, talks about how coal can be part of a clean energy portfolio and can help spur job and economic growth:

[T]he President introduced a number of ambitious but achievable proposals his State of the Union address – proposals that will transform America’s energy future through innovation … Achieving this goal of generating 80% of the nation’s electricity from clean energy sources by 2035 will position the United States as a global leader in developing and manufacturing cutting-edge clean energy technologies. To give utilities the flexibility to generate clean energy in a way that makes the most sense, all clean sources – including renewables, nuclear power, efficient natural gas, and coal with carbon capture and sequestration – would count toward the goal. This will ensure continued growth in the renewable energy sector, building on the progress made in recent years. And it will spur innovation and investment in our nation’s energy infrastructure, catalyzing economic growth and creating American jobs.

Congressman Ed Whitfield (R-Ky.), chairman on the Subcommittee on Energy and Power, praised President Obama for his inclusion of advanced coal technology as part of a national energy strategy:

I am pleased that the President called for more bipartisan cooperation tonight in his State of the Union address. The State of our Union is still very fragile as it continues moving toward economic recovery and by working together, we can continue moving forward and address the very real and challenging issues facing us … On energy I am glad to hear the President call for an ‘all of the above’ strategy that includes nuclear and clean coal … In order to meet our energy demands, we must find the balance of researching and developing new energy sources while responsibly utilizing and developing the resources already available to us. The President said tonight that in order for the United States to win the future, we must keep and create jobs in America. In Kentucky, for example, thousands of jobs are tied to the coal industry both directly and indirectly. By responsibly developing and utilizing the resources we currently have domestically, we can fulfill that call as new technologies are developed and put onto the market.

Whitfield’s colleague on the other side of the aisle, Congressman Jerry Costello (D-Ill.), also recently noted his support for advanced coal technology projects in his state:

Another of Costello’s priorities is to continue to garner federal support to establish clean coal technology in Illinois and across the nation. “I have always been a strong supporter of providing federal funds for research and development of clean coal technology, both carbon sequestration and coal gasification,” he told the Beacon. The congressman said that the coal-fueled Prairie State facility — a state-of-the art power plant now under construction near Marissa, Ill. — “not only has been good for the local economy by helping employ several thousand construction workers, but — once it is finished — will be an efficient plant.” Noting that China has built several new coal gasification plants to take advantage of its coal resources, Costello said American companies should also pursue that route. “There’s no reason why we shouldn’t be investing in clean coal technology, including sequestration and coal gasification,” he said.

Partnerships between government and academic institutions, especially in West Virginia, are developing the latest in advanced coal technologies so that coal can remain a part of America’s clean energy future:

West Virginia University has signed on to aid a five-year, $150 million project with China and the U. S. Department of Energy to research advanced coal technologies. The U.S. Department of Energy selected a competitive proposal submitted by WVU’s US-China Energy Center to lead the coal research segment known under the program as the U.S. Advanced Coal Technology Consortium … “The project will help us play a role on the international stage with the clean coal research President Obama mentioned during the State of the Union Address,” Wafle said. “This will elevate WVU to becoming internationally known as a source of energy solutions, particularly in the traditional energy aspects.”

Click here to learn more about clean coal technologies and see the results of $90 billion of investments from the U.S. power industry into reducing air emissions.